Cookie Policy

This website uses small files called "cookies" to help us provide you with the most enjoyable experience when browsing our site. Learn more about cookies and how to manage them.
If you believe that the information on this page is not enough to navigate safely, please contact us: info@crowdinglab.com

What is a cookie?


Cookies are small files of data and numbers stored by the browser you use (for example, Internet Explorer, Mozilla, etc.) to surf the Internet from your PC, laptop or mobile phone. These small files allow websites to retain and keep useful information about user preferences. You can imagine your cookie as a personal memory of every website you visit so that it recognizes you when you come back and react by exposing your favorite information as quickly as possible.

How does a cookie work?


The cookie is installed by the request issued by a webserver to an Internet browser and is completely "passive" (it does not contain software, viruses or spyware and cannot access information on the user's hard drive).

A cookie consists of two parts: the name and the content or the value of the cookie. Furthermore, the duration of a cookie is determined; technically, only the webserver that sent the cookie can access it again when a user returns to the website associated with that webserver.

Attention: cookies themselves do not require personal information to be used, and in most cases do not personally identify Internet users.

There are 2 large categories of cookies:

"Session" cookies – they are temporarily stored in the web browser's cookie folder to save them until the user exits the site or closes the browser window (for example, when logging in / out of an account webmail or social network).

"Persistent" cookies – these are stored on the hard drive of a computer or equipment (and generally depends on the cookie's pre-set life). Persistent cookies include those placed on a website other than the one the user is currently visiting - known as 'third party cookies' - which can be used anonymously to memorize the interests of a user, so that advertising is delivered as relevant as possible to users.

What are the benefits of cookies?


A cookie contains information linking a web browser (user) and a specific web server (website). If a browser accesses that web server again, it can read the already stored information and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide comfortable user services: ex - online privacy preferences, site language options, shopping carts, or relevant advertising.


What is the lifetime of a cookie?


Cookies are managed by web servers. The life of a cookie may vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used only for one session (session cookies) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website and some cookies are retained and reused whenever the user returns to that site ('cookie- permanent '). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time through browser settings.

What are cookies placed by third parties?


Certain sections of content on some sites may be provided through third parties / suppliers (news box, video or advertisement, etc.). These third parties may also place cookies through the site and they are called "third party cookies" because they are not placed by the owner of that website. Third-party vendors must also comply with the applicable law and the site's privacy policies.

How cookies are used by this site?


A visit to this site may place cookies for purposes of:

  • Site performance cookies
This type of cookie retains the user's preferences on this site, so they no longer need to be set on every site visit.

  • Visitor analysis cookies

Whenever a user visits this site, third-party analytics software generates a user's analysis cookie. This cookie tells us if you have visited this site so far. The browser will tell us if you have this cookie, and if not, we will generate one. It allows the monitoring of the unique users who visit us and how often they do it.
If you are not registered on this site, this cookie cannot be used to identify individuals, they are used for statistical purposes only. If you are registered, we may also know the details you have provided us, such as your e-mail address and username - subject to the confidentiality and provisions of the Terms and Conditions, the Privacy Policy and the legislation force regarding the protection of personal data.

  • Cookies for geotargeting

These cookies are used by software that determines where you come from. It is completely anonymous and is only used to target the content - even when you are on our page in Romanian or in another language you receive the same advertisement.

  • Recording cookies

When you sign up for this site, we generate a cookie that tells us if you are registered or not. Our servers use these cookies to show us the account with which you are registered and if you have permission for a particular service. It also allows us to associate any comments you post on our site with your username. If you did not select "keep me registered," this cookie will automatically delete when you close your browser or computer.

  • Cookies for advertising

These cookies let us know whether you've seen an online ad, what is its type, and how long it has been since you saw the ad message.
These cookies are also used to target online advertising. We may also use 3rd-party cookies for better advertising targeting, for example, showing holiday ads if the user has recently visited an article on vacancies. These cookies are anonymous, they store information about the viewed content, not the users.
We also set up anonymous cookies through other sites that we advertise. By accepting them, we can use them to recognize you as a visitor to that site if you later visit our site, we will be able to deliver advertising based on this information.

  • Advertiser cookies

Much of the advertising you find on this site belongs to third parties. Some of these parties use their own anonymous cookies to analyze how many people have been exposed to an ad, or to see how many people have been exposed multiple times to the same ad.
The companies that generate these cookies have their own privacy policies and this site does not have access to read or write these cookies. Third-party cookies can be used to show your target advertising on other sites, based on your browsing on this site.
On some pages, third parties can set their own anonymous cookies in order to track the success of an application or customize an application. Because of its use, this site cannot access these cookies, just as third parties cannot access cookies owned by this site.
For example, when you share an article using the social network button on this site, that social network will record your activity.

Tips that can help you navigate safely with cookies:

  • Customize your browser settings for cookies to reflect a comfortable level for your cookie security.
  • If you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using your computer, you can set expiration dates to store your browsing history and personal access data.
  • If you share your computer access, you can consider the browser setting to delete your individual browsing data each time you close your browser. This is a way to access sites that place cookies and delete any business information when you close the browsing session.
  • Install and constantly update your antispyware applications. Many of the applications for detection and prevention of spyware include the detection of attacks on sites. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software.
  • Make sure your browser is always up-to-date. Many of the cookies attacks are made by exploiting the weaknesses of the old versions of browsers.

Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and greatest websites on the Internet - local or international. With a clear understanding of how they work and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures, so you can browse with confidence on the internet.


Tips for safe and responsible cookie-based navigation


Due to their flexibility and the fact that most visited sites and the biggest ones use cookies, they are almost inevitable. Disabling cookies will not allow the user to access the most popular and used sites including YouTube, Gmail, Yahoo and others.


What type of information is stored and accessed through cookies


Cookies keep information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. Webserver will recognize your browser until the cookie expires or is deleted.

The cookie stores important information that enhances Internet browsing experience (eg, setting the language of a site, keeping a user logged in to your webmail account, online banking security, keeping your products in the shopping cart)

Why are Internet Cookies Important?


Cookies are the central focus of the efficient Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience and tailored to the preferences and interests of each user. Denying or disabling cookies can make some sites unusable.

Denying or disabling cookies does not mean you will not receive online advertising - just that it will no longer be able to keep track of your preferences and interests highlighted by your browsing behavior.

Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require authentication of a user through an account):

  • Content and services tailored to user preferences - news categories, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment sites and travel services;
  • Offers tailored to users' interests - Retaining passwords, language preferences (Ex: display search results in English);
  • Retrieve Child Protection Filters for Content on the Internet (family mode options, Safe search functions);
  • Limit the frequency of ad serving - limit the number of impressions of an ad for a specific user on a site;
  • Provide more relevant advertising for the user;
  • Measurement, optimization and analytics features - such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed, and how a user reaches a website (search engines, directly from other websites, etc.);
  • Websites run these analyzes of their use to improve sites for the benefit of users.

Security and privacy issues


Cookies are not viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code, so they cannot be executed or run autonomously. Consequently, they cannot duplicate or replicate on other networks to run or replicate again. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.

Cookies can still be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about user preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and consistently mark cookies to be deleted in anti-virus / anti-spyware removal / scanning procedures.

In general, browsers have built-in privacy settings that provide different levels of cookie acceptance, shelf life, and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.

Other security issues related to cookies


Since identity protection is very valuable and is the right of every internet user, it is advisable to know what issues can create cookies. In order to transmit constant information in both ways between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes during the data transmission, the information contained in the cookie can be intercepted.

Although very rarely, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (an unsecured Wi-Fi network).

Other cookie-based attacks involve bad cookie settings on servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to prevent browsers from sending information through insecure channels. Attackers then use the information for the purpose of unauthorized access to certain sites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting personal information.

How do I stop cookies?


Disabling and refusing to receive cookies can make some sites unfeasible or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean you will not get / see online advertising anymore.

It is possible to set up the browser so that these cookies are no longer supported, or you can set the browser to accept cookies from a particular site. But for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.

All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in your browser's "options" or "preferences" menu.

To understand these settings, the following links may be useful, otherwise you can use the option Browser "help" for more details.

  • Cookie settings in Internet Explorer
  • Cookie settings in Firefox
  • Cookie settings in Chrome
  • Cookie settings in Safari
  • For third-party cookie settings, you can also check the site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com


Useful Links:

www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/oug_13_2012_modificare_prelucrare_date_caracter_personal_protectia_vie...

ec.europa.eu/ipg/basics/legal/cookies/index_en.htm

eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32002L0058:EN:HTML

www.allaboutcookies.org

www.youronlinechoices.com/ro/

www.cms-cmck.com/PrivacyStatement/CookiePolicy/pages/default.aspx



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